Western Connecticut Medical Group Cardiologist Discusses when its Time for a Cardiac Stress Test
Jonathan Alexander, M.D.
Find a Doctor Profile
Stress testing has been a valuable tool in helping cardiologists evaluate the heart for forty years. It is an extremely effective way of measuring how well the heart works when it is beating fast and working hard. "When the heart pumps fast it requires more blood flow to it, explained Dr. Jonathan Alexander, cardiologist, Western Connecticut Medical Group. "It helps us see if the heart is getting enough blood during these times." A stress test is sometimes called "exercise test" or a "treadmill test" although other modalities are equally effective at stressing the heart. Evaluation of the electrocardiogram which records the patients' electrical activity is a key part of a stress test.
Dr. Alexander offered the following insights regarding two of the most important reasons why doctors order stress tests:
- To see if you have had a heart attack or if you are at risk of having one, look for other heart conditions or follow a known heart condition, help figure out why you might have chest pain, trouble breathing, dizziness, palpitations and a fast heart rate or other potential cardiac symptoms
- To check out how healthy your heart is before you have surgery and check out how well your heart medicines or other heart treatments are working.
According to Dr. Alexander, doctors usually order stress tests to check for problems that can happen when the heart works hard. For instance, a doctor might order a stress test to:
- See if you have coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias or another heart condition. Coronary heart disease is a condition that puts you at risk for a heart attack and other types of heart disease and a stress test is a very effective way of checking for this. Some people have symptoms of coronary artery disease only when they exercise. Heart failure is a condition which the heart doesn't pump well typically during exercise.
- Check out how your heart works after heart surgery. Often it is used prior to prescribing an exercise program or prior to enrolling in a formal cardiac rehabilitation program. It can help figure why you have chest pain, breathing difficulties, or other symptoms and see if you can safely exercise after a heart attack.
"Doctors typically order stress tests for diagnosis," said Dr. Alexander, "but they are also extremely useful for following known heart conditions and your doctor may want you to have one every 1-2 years."
Frequently, patients are not able to exercise because of other conditions such as back pain, or other orthopedic difficulty as well as problems with blood flow to the legs. In these cases, using a medicine to "stress" the heart can be equally effective as regular exercise. "Many times, because the electrocardiogram is not helpful, doctors use another modality in conjunction with the stress test to help diagnose heart disease," said Dr. Alexander. "These could include nuclear medicine techniques (using an isotope to look at blood flow) or echocardiogram (to look at how well the heart muscle functions under conditions of stress). This is often referred to as an exercise echocardiogram or in the case of the nuclear tests a cardiolite stress test or thallium stress test."
According to Dr. Alexander, for a stress test the doctor, nurse or technician will first do an electrocardiogram and measure your blood pressure. Then either he or she will "stress" your heart and increase your heart rate by doing one of the following things:
- Have you run or walk on a treadmill
- Have you pedal a stationary bike, (a bike that doesn't move except for the pedals)
- Give you a medicine to make your heart beat faster - people that can't run or walk get a medicine instead of exercising as mentioned before.
"During a stress test the doctor or nurse will watch you," emphasized Dr. Alexander. "He or she will check your blood pressure, do several electrocardiograms and most importantly ask you how you feel. The test will end when you can't exercise any longer or when the doctor or the nurse tells you that the test is over."
The "downsides" of exercise stress testing: An EKG has very few downsides. Some people get a mild rash where the patches are placed. "When people exercise and the heart rate pumps faster they can have symptoms such as, an abnormal heart beat, breathing difficulty or feeling dizzy/faint," said Dr. Alexander. "The medicines used during the stress test can also have side effects including headaches, dizziness or nausea. In the vast majority of cases patients tolerate the stress test extremely well and can return to normal activities/work shortly afterwards
For more information regarding cardiac programs and services provided by all board certified cardiologists associated with the Western Connecticut Medical Group, go to WesternConnecticutMedicalGroup.org. To learn more about cardiovascular care at Western Connecticut Health Network, call 1-800-516-4743.
About Western Connecticut Health Network
Western Connecticut Health Network is the region's premiere, patient-centered health care organization serving residents of Western Connecticut and adjacent New York. The organization is anchored by two nationally recognized hospitals, Danbury Hospital and New Milford Hospital, as well as their affiliated organizations. In addition to the two hospitals, the continuum of care offered includes the following affiliates:
Western Connecticut Health Network has centers of excellence in women's health, cardiovascular and cancer services; minimally invasive and joint and spine surgery; digestive disorders and radiology and diagnostic imaging. It also offers specialized programs for neonatology with a Level IIIb neonatal intensive care unit and accredited sleep disorder centers. Both hospitals also maintain active clinical research programs, offering clinical trials for patients with cancer and other health concerns.