Blood Bank Training and Competencies

Anatomic and Clinical Pathology Residency Program

Purpose

To assure residents will obtain the general competencies in blood banking necessary to the level expected of a new practitioner as defined by ACGME requirements.

Definition

The trainer is defined as someone who has been specifically selected to perform the training. The trainer is either the Attending Pathologist, Administrative or Technical Specialist or Senior Technologist (Med Tech II).

Procedure

For each task listed on the Blood Bank Training Checklist, the trainer will ensure that the general competencies are covered when applicable:

  • Patient Care: Working under the direction of the covering pathologist, the resident will be involved with donors (autologous, directed, therapeutic phlebotomies and therapeutic apheresis patients) and transfusion recipients in providing patient-focused care. Specifically this includes: gathering essential and accurate clinical information, utilizing medical knowledge to make informed decisions regarding outcomes and interacting with donor/patient, patient’s family, and other healthcare professionals to provide compassionate, appropriate, and effective patient care for each situation
  • Medical Knowledge: The resident will be given a working background on critical steps of each task and be made aware of established procedures and evolving sciences and how to apply this knowledge to patient care
  • Practice-Based Learning & Improvement: The resident will learn a systematic approach to the investigation and evaluation of the clinical situation and how to make appropriate decisions resulting in improved patient care
  • Interpersonal & Communication Skills: The resident will learn how be effective with exchanging information with patients, patient’s families, and other health professionals.
  • Professionalism: The resident will be expected to show a commitment to carrying out professional sponsibilities. He/she will exhibit behavior appropriate to activities of blood bank
  • Systems-Based Practice: The resident will be aware of and responsive to the larger context and system of healthcare as it relates to this patient base

The general competencies will be taught utilizing a combination of the following methods:

  • Direct observation 
  • Assigned reading: section procedures, AABB Standards, and other reference materials
  • Formal Lectures
  • Review of previous cases 
  • Participation in Transfusion Committee 
  • Management Mentorships under the direction of the Attending Pathologist (i.e., attending sections’ meetings, reviewing summaries of event reports, proficiency testing results. These activities will be recorded in a daily journal and shared with other pathology residents at weekly meetings.)

Upon completion of training, the resident’s performance for each task will be documented on the Credentialing Log defined for each task. A minimum number of cases for review will be established. Each case will be reviewed and signed off by an attending pathologist who will offer suggestions, as appropriate, for the resident’s continued growth and experience.

Once the initial training is complete, exposure to these activities are on a continuous basis throughout the year as each resident is assigned blood bank coverage. Final evaluation of general competencies associated with Blood Bank tasks will be based upon the following:

  • Written exam (40%)
  • Direct observation (25%)
  • Review of interpretation of cases (15%)
  • Errors/complaints (10%)
  • Active participation in Transfusion Committee (10%)  

Review Date     
Signature         
Revision Date  
Signature

For More Information

Please contact us if you have questions about the Anatomic and Clinical Pathology Residency Program at Danbury Hospital, or would like more information.




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